15 Well-known Historical Cities in India

Revealed: 22 Oct, 2019 /

India is a rustic with a wealthy historical past and heritage. It is likely one of the oldest civilizations on the planet, and has been dominated by a number of dynasties and kingdoms all through its historical past. There’s a plethora of locations to go to in India that inform the story of a time passed by. These had been as soon as beacons of tradition, information, custom, and commerce. By visiting these historical cities in India, vacationers can get an perception into the fantastic previous, and admire the architectural brilliance current throughout that point. So the subsequent time you propose your trip, you could take into consideration spending a while at any of those historical cities and return with a renewed sense of inspiration and marvel. Right here is the record of the cities of historical India, and the the explanation why you need to go to them.

1. Varanasi

Varanasi,-India,-January-22,-2019-Varanasi-Ganga-aarti-rituals-at-Assi-ghat-performed-by-young-priests-before-sunrise

Varanasi, popularly referred to as the Metropolis of Lights or Kashi, is a sacred metropolis on the west financial institution of the River Ganga. It’s mentioned to be one of many oldest cities in India whose historical past goes again over 3000 years. Varanasi has remained a big spiritual vacation spot for pilgrims in India, and for worldwide vacationers, it displays the tradition and historic prosperity of India. In the present day, Varanasi is a bustling metropolis, the place each winding road results in one other, ghats are always packed, and the scent of incense is noticeable throughout. The aartis and the skimming of earthen lights over the waters of Ganga at evening can also be a major factor of the character of Varanasi.

High Causes to Go to Varanasi

  • To witness the Ganga aarti. This mesmerizing occasion may be skilled in a ship on the river.
  • To go to temples which are as previous as 500-1000 years.
  • To buy well-known Banarasi sarees, beautiful woodwork, and hand-knotted carpets.
  • Banarasi paan could be very well-liked within the nation and have to be savored through the journey.
  • To go to Sarnath situated about 10 km from Varanasi. It’s the place the place Gautama Buddha first preached after attaining enlightenment.

2. Madurai

Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple

The historical past of Madurai goes again over 4,000 years. There are scores of temples on this metropolis, amongst which Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is the most well-liked one. It was constructed within the seventh century and is well-known for its architectural brilliance. Seventeenth-century Gandhi Mandapam is a widely known journey attraction that now boasts quite a few books about Gandhi. Samanar Hills is situated in proximity to the Meenakshi Temple and has a primary century cavern that was utilized by Jain monks. Whereas on the journey to Madurai, one mustn’t miss the delicious native delicacies.

High Causes to Go to Madurai

  • To go to sacred Meenakshi Temple and its Thousand Pillar Corridor the place Lord Shiva is believed to have carried out the dance of bliss.
  • To go to Koodal Azhagar Temple that’s considered one of many 108 celestial abodes of Lord Vishnu.
  • To go to the Gandhi Museum and get an in depth account of the Independence battle.
  • To buy vibrant tie and dyed cotton Sungudi sarees. One may purchase Golu dolls on the temple curio outlets as nicely.
  • To style lip-smacking native meals particularly Murugan Idli Kadai.

3. Ayodhya

Ayodhya Sightseeing

One of the vital historical cities in India, Ayodhya is understood by most to be the setting of the previous Hindu epic Ramayana. Often known as the birthplace of Lord Rama, town is located on the banks of the Sarayu River and was the capital of the antiquated kingdom of Kosala. Town was recognized to be established by the Hindu god Manu and is believed to be 9000 years of age. It is likely one of the most frequented vacationer points of interest within the nation and is well known for its completely different sacrosanct temples. High matters to do within the metropolis embody visiting Treta Ke Thakur, Guptar Ghat, Gulab Bari, Kanak Bhavan, and Mausoleum of Bahu Begum.

High Causes to Go to Ayodhya

  • To go to the well-known Hanuman Garhi temple characterised by the 70 steep steps in entrance of the temple advanced.
  • To go to Treta ka Thakur temple. It’s mentioned to be the spot the place Lord Rama carried out the Ashwamedha Yagya.
  • To go to Kanak Bhavan, a home that Kaikeyi (step-mother of Lord Rama) gifted to Sita instantly after her marriage to
  • Rama.
  • To go to Guptar Ghat, the place Lord Rama is believed to have drowned himself in a ‘Jal Samadhi’.

4. Ujjain

Siddhwat Temple, Ujjain

The ‘Temple Metropolis’, Ujjain, is normally thronged by Hindu pilgrims. Town is residence to scores of previous and new temples, making it a big spiritual spot in India to go to. In any case, Ujjain isn’t only for the Hindu pilgrims as there are a number of locations within the metropolis which are exceptional from the perspective of tourism. Situated on the financial institution of River Shipra, Ujjain can also be the scene of the famend Kumbh Mela. Additionally, town has a number of historic locations that introduces vacationers to its prosperous previous.

High Causes to Go to Ujjain

  • To go to Mahakaleshwar Temple, one of many 12 Jyotirlingas, and the one temple boasting dakshin mukhi (south going through) idol, thought of to be distinctive in tantric traditions.
  • To go to Kark Rajeshwar Temple located on the Tropic of Most cancers.
  • To wash within the holy Shipra River. In response to sacred texts resembling Bhagwat Purana and Skanda Purana, a dip on this river is taken into account to free a person from all sins.
  • To see Siddhavat, a banyan tree situated on the banks of river Shipra. In response to the legend, King Vikramaditya meditated right here for magical powers to take management over the ghost, Betaal.
  • To savor the delicious Dal Bati Churma.

5. Patna

Golghar, Patna

The traditional metropolis of Patna was referred to as Pataliputra through the Maurya reign, and was the capital of the Magadha Empire. In the present day, Patna, which is the capital and largest metropolis of Bihar, is situated on the southern financial institution of the Ganges. Town is residence to quite a few trip spots alongside a number of religious spots. Rajgir, Nalanda, Vaishali, Pawapuri, and Bodh Gaya are vacationer locations situated near town of Patna. Different trip spots within the historical metropolis of Patna embody Kargil Chowk Warfare Memorial, Kumhrar, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, Shitla Mata Temple, Gurdwara Gobind Ghat, Biscomaun Bhawan, Chiraiyatand Flyover, and Mahatma Gandhi Setu.

High Causes to Go to Patna

  • To go to Golghar, an architectural marvel in Patna. Its dome is exclusive as a result of it was constructed with out using pillars and measures nearly 29 meters in peak.
  • To go to Mahavir Mandir.
  • To go to Patna Sahib Gurudwara, which is constructed on the location of Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s birthplace.
  • To see the ruins of the traditional college of Nalanda and get immersed within the wonderful previous of Bihar.
  • To witness Patna Museum, which boasts over 20,000 historic and archaeological artifacts, together with a fossil of a tree that dates again greater than 200 million years.

6. Kannauj

Kannauj Sightseeing

Kannauj, some of the historical cities of India, can also be zealously preserving its wealthy legacy. Vacationers rush to this metropolis in Uttar Pradesh to watch the magnificence of assorted archeological websites. Prehistoric weapons and instruments belonging to the Bronze have been discovered at Kannauj. This metropolis was visited by famend travellers like Fa Hien. Harsha made Kannauj the capital of his reign and arranged spiritual gatherings. The previous title of this metropolis was Kanya Kubja, and the trendy title is a subsidiary of the bygone one.

High Causes to Go to Kannauj

  • To take a holy dip within the river Ganga.
  • To go to Authorities Archaeological Museum and see the terra-cotta collectible figurines unearthed within the metropolis.
  • To go to the 500-years-old Siddheswar Temple.
  • To discover the well-known Vijay Market and purchase rose water and attar (aromatic oil) for which Kannauj is widely-known.
  • To go to Lakh Bahosi Chicken Sanctuary, one of many largest hen sanctuaries within the nation.

7. Hampi

Hampi

Hampi is an historical South Indian village well-liked for its stone temples and historical ruins. Settled within the tough landscapes within the Bellary area of Karnataka, Hampi is right this moment a UNESCO World Heritage website. The stone temples and remnants are a reminiscence of the wealthy historical past and tradition of the area. Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire and prospered below the rule of Krishnadevaraya. In its days of glory, Hampi was recognized to be the wealthiest metropolis in India. Its riches and glory had been notable nationwide and overseas, and attracted the retailers from Portugal and Persia. In the present day, the ruins attract scores of vacationers, historical past buffs, and structure aficionados.

High Causes to Go to Hampi

  • To go to historical and delightful temples.
  • To get pleasure from scenic dawn and sundown over historical ruins.
  • To know attention-grabbing details about historical sculptures, structure, and tradition of Vijayanagar empire.
  • To get pleasure from trekking to Matunga and Anjuna Hills.
  • To calm down close to picturesque Sanapur Dam.

8. Gwalior

Gwalior Fort

The majestic city of Gwalior is located within the middle of India, or the province of Madhya Pradesh. Gwalior is residence to royal residences, historic websites, and delightful temples. The city is well-known for the Gwalior Fort. One can rent a journey information within the fort and know the historical past of the state in depth. Different main points of interest are Gujari Mahal, Sas Bahu temple, Teli ka Mandir, Tomb of Muhammad Ghaus and Tansen, Bir Singh Mahal, Padavali, and Bateshwar. Wildlife fanatics can contemplate touring to the wild trails of Madhav Nationwide Park situated in proximity to town.

High Causes to Go to Gwalior

  • To go to the Gwalior Fort which was referred to as ‘the pearl within the necklace of the forts of India’ by Babur, the primary Mughal ruler.
  • To go to varied sacred temples and likewise Surajkund, a big tank believed to comprise magical water.
  • To go to Jai Vilas Palace and witness the nice Scindia legacy in Gwalior.
  • In December, one should expertise the Tansen Sangeet Samaroh (Tansen Music Competition) organized in Tansen Tomb, the place musicians from everywhere in the nation collect.
  • To attend the Gwalior Commerce Honest, held in January and February, and acquire an perception into the tradition and heritage of central India.

9. Thanjavur

Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur

Additionally named as Tanjore, Thanjavur rose to significance through the reign of the Cholas, who made this metropolis their capital. It turned a significant cultural and heritage metropolis of India in direction of the top of the eighteenth century. In the present day, it’s broadly referred to as the Rice Bowl of South India, because it boasts quite a lot of paddy yields and sugarcane. This city homes the traditional Brihadeeswarar Temple (UNESCO World Heritage Web site), constructed by Raja Chola I across the 10th century. Gorgeous Chola Temples, Saraswathi Mahal Library, Thanjavur Maratha Palace, Sivaganga Park, Schwartz Church, and Royal Palace Museum are among the must-visit points of interest within the metropolis.

High Causes to Go to Thanjavur

  • To go to the 11th century Brihadeeswarar Temple, one of many best examples of Chola structure.
  • To see a Bharatanatyam recital.
  • To go to the Saraswathi Mahal Library, some of the important repositories of historical Sanskrit.
  • To go to Sivagangai Poonga, one of many first amusement parks within the state.
  • To buy Tanjore work and dolls.

10. Pushkar

Man Mahal

The seat of Lord Brahma, Pushkar is famed for its uncommon temples. Situated within the Ajmer space of Rajasthan, this stunning metropolis is a revered spot for the Hindus. Town has held its old-world attraction. Situated by the aspect of the Sarovar Lake, Pushkar is famend for the Brahma Temple, the one such temple within the nation. The Pushkar Mela is a yearly event that pulls vacationers from throughout the globe. Vibrant occasions, shows, and rivalries occur throughout this week-long truthful. The Man Mahal, situated on the banks of Sarovar Lake, is one other of the city’s main vacationer spots that isn’t to be missed.

High Causes to Go to Pushkar

  • To attend Pushkar Camel Honest, a camel and livestock truthful held between October and November.
  • To go to the one Brahma Temple.
  • To take a dip within the sacred Pushkar Lake.
  • To go to Gurdwara Singh Sabha that commemorates the go to of Guru Nanak Dev and Guru Govind Singh.
  • To go to Varaha temple, the most important and most historical temple within the metropolis.

11. Kollam

kollam sardar vallabhbhai patel police museum

Often known as Quilon or Desinganadu, Kollam is the middle of the nation’s cashew export. Town boasts a mixture of alluring pure magnificence and wealthy historical past. In the course of the historical instances, Kollam was a well-known commerce middle, whereas its port was frequented by Persians, Phoenicians, Arabs, Romans, and Chinese language. Additionally, well-known explorers like Ibam Batuta and Marco Polo have famous the prominence of Kollam as a commerce city of their writings! In the present day, Kollam, the gateway to Kerala’s magnificent backwaters, boasts a plethora of points of interest for nature lovers. The eight-hour boat journey between Kollam and Alappuzha is the longest and most charming journey on the backwaters of Kerala.

High Causes to Go to Kollam

  • To witness the jaw-dropping fantastic thing about Palaruvi Waterfalls.
  • To go to Ashtamudi Lake, probably the most visited lake and backwater within the state.
  • To go to Mayyanad boasting among the oldest temples of Kollam.
  • To discover Jatayu’s Earth Centre constructed to advertise mythology and journey tourism.
  • To get pleasure from backwater cruises.

12. Vadodara

Laxmi Vilas Palace, Vadodara

The social capital of Gujarat, Vadodara was earlier referred to as Baroda. It’s located on the banks of the stream Vishwamitri. As indicated by historians, Vadodara’s historical past dates again to greater than 2,000 years. In the present day, town is residence to the illustrious household of Gaekwads, and homes the most important faculty of Gujarat, the Maharaja Sayajirao College of Baroda. The distinguished attraction of town, Sayaji Baug, is located within the coronary heart of town. This recreation middle homes a zoo, Vadodara Museum, and a planetarium. Vadodara Museum boasts an attention-grabbing mix of Mughal miniatures, illustrious antiques and European oil artwork. Different eminent sights are Makarpura Palace, Nazarbaug Palace, Kirti Mandir, Nyay Mandir, Kirti Stambh, Aurobindo Ashram, Khanderao Market, Dakshinamurthy Temple, and Hazira Maqbara.

High Causes to Go to Vadodara

  • To go to Laxmi Vilas Palace, one of many architectural wonders of the state.
  • To discover Sayaji Baug, a ravishing backyard constructed in 1879.
  • To see Sursagar Lake by which the water by no means dries up.
  • To discover Kabirvad, a scenic island situated in the course of the river Narmada.
  • To go to Dakshinamurthy Temple.

13. Puri

Jagannath-Temple-Puri

Puri, one of many historical cities you possibly can’t miss, is situated within the state of Odisha in Japanese India. It’s aptly referred to as the ‘Temple City’, as a result of its well-known temple, Jagannath Temple, is likely one of the distinguished pilgrimage locations for Hindus. Town can also be recognized for having the most important kitchen on the planet. Furthermore, 24 celebrations, together with 13 noteworthy ones, are held every year within the temple premises. The previous Konark Solar Temple and Markandeshwar Shiva Temple are the well-known historical temples situated right here. Puri can also be blessed with stunning and serene seashores. The Balukhand-Konark Wildlife Sanctuary options sandy seashores, hills, cashew ranches, and forests of Casuarina timber. This protected space is residence to Blackbuck and Olive Ridley Sea Turtles. The Sudarshan Crafts Museum boasts vintage figures, a Japanese-style Buddhist temple, showroom, workshop, and a library. Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary is residence to completely different unique creatures and residential to greater than 200 species of fish. Nalbana Chicken Sanctuary or Nalbana Island options numerous migratory birds.

High Causes to Go to Puri

  • To witness Jagannath Rath Yatra, an enormous public procession in a chariot. It’s held within the month of June/July.
  • To go to the sacred Jagannath Temple, well-known for its giant kitchen.
  • To discover the gorgeous Puri Seashore.
  • To benefit from the lip-smacking cuisines of Odisha.
  • To go to the traditional and distinctive Solar Temple in Konark, situated in proximity to Puri.

14. Dwarka

Temple in Dwarka

Dwarka is an historical metropolis situated within the northwestern Indian state of Gujarat. For vacationers who’re all in favour of each historical past and faith, Dwarka deserves to be of their bucket-list. Town is known as a Hindu pilgrimage website, particularly for the Dwarkadheesh Temple, additionally referred to as Jagat Mandir. This temple is predicated on the north financial institution of the Gomti Creek and dates again 2,500 years. The first temple is five-story excessive, with the reduce tapered tower ascending to a peak of round 157 toes. There’s the one-meter tall, 4 handed darkish icon of Ranchhodrai, the chief of Dwarka. One of the vital well-known vacationer websites is the Rukmini Temple. Rukmini was Lord Krishna’s spouse and is considered as a manifestation of Lakshmi, the goddess of riches and magnificence.

Moreover its temples and legends, Dwarka can also be well-known for being the seat of Adi Shankaracharya, who arrange 4 mathas (seats) in 4 distinct corners of the nation.

High Causes to Go to Dwarka

  • To go to Dwarkadheesh Temple, a sacred temple believed to have been constructed initially by Lord Krishna’s grandson Vajranabh.
  • To go to the Nageshwar Jyotirlinga, which is claimed to be the primary of the 12 Jyotirlingas devoted to Lord Shiva.
  • To get pleasure from a picturesque scenic journey to Beyt Dwarka Island.
  • To see the architectural masterpiece of Rukmini Temple.
  • To unwind on the Gomti Ghat.

15. Vrindavan

Sri Krishna Balaram Mandir, Vrindavan

Situated on the banks of Yamuna River, Vrindavan is known as some of the important spots for the devotees of Lord Krishna. It’s mentioned that Lord Krishna had spent his adolescence on this metropolis. The title of town has been gotten from vrinda (which implies basil) and van (which implies forest), which discuss with the 2 little forests at Seva Kunj and Nidhivan. Each culturally and religiously prosperous, town boasts quite a lot of Lord Krishna and Radha temples, the most well-liked ones being ISKCON Temple and Banke Bihari Temple. These temples are set within the midst of the thick woods and lavish greenery of Vrindavan. Town can also be extensively well-liked for its distinctive and vivacious celebration of Holi.

High Causes to Go to Vrindavan

  • To go to the ISKCON Temple.
  • To go to the sacred Bankey Bihari Temple inbuilt 1862 by Swami Haridas, the guru of well-known musician Tansen.
  • To go to Keshi Ghat which is believed to be the place the place Lord Krishna took a shower after slewing the demon Keshi.
  • To see Janmashtami celebrations at Hare Rama Hare Krishna Temple.
  • To witness vibrant celebrations through the pageant of Holi.

Go to any of those historical cities in unbelievable India and acquire an perception into the wealthy historical past, variety, and heritage of this huge and delightful nation.

Rahul Srivastava

Rahul Srivastava is an ardent journey author who’s born and introduced up within the Metropolis of Nawabs- Lucknow. Being from to the culturally thriving land, he has a deep curiosity in discovering completely different hues of the nation. He has travelled scores of locations in India, and holds an prosperous expertise and information about them. He likes to pen down his journey experiences and his quest for travelling new locations is marked evidently in his blogs. His write-ups are the right reflection of his fervor for exploring the unexplored!




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