First Revealed on: 08 Jul, 2019 By Swati Mishra
It’s a no massive secret that unlawful enterprise is likely one of the most profitable ventures internationally. Among the many high unlawful companies worldwide together with weaponry and medicines commerce, wildlife trafficking can be added within the record. Within the final three years, Bangladesh has skilled the best variety of wildlife trafficking. Quite a lot of poached reptiles, mammals and birds had been rescued within the final fiscal yr (FY). This has all the time been a terrific problem for the federal government and poses a terrific menace to the nation’s economic system and surroundings.
In Case You Didn’t Know
The US state division submitted a report within the yr 2017 titled “eradicate, neutralize, and disrupt” (END) Wildlife Trafficking’ to the US Congress. Within the report, Bangladesh was listed as one of many international locations that are a transit level for wildlife commerce merchandise.
In addition to Bangladesh, Brazil, Thailand, Nigeria, Mozambique, Burma, DR Congo, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, South Africa, Gabon, India, UAE, Vietnam, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria, Philippines, Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda was additionally listed underneath the main target nation for wildlife trafficking.
In regard to this, the info accessible from the Wildlife Crime Management Unit (WCCU) underneath Bangladesh forest division and regulation enforcement businesses round 37,039 wild animals and birds had been rescued throughout the nation between June 2012 and November 2016. Of all, 19,359 had been reptiles and 16,979 had been birds.
Data of the Wildlife Trafficking in Bangladesh (2016-2019)
Within the Fiscal Yr 2018-2019, a complete variety of 76 separate wildlife trafficking offences had been recorded by WCCU of Bangladesh Forest Division. Nonetheless, within the yr 2016, a complete of 85 wildlife trafficking crime had been recorded which is the best of all.
Within the yr 2018, munia, myna, parrot, shalik had been rescued in frequent together with some migratory birds. Coming to the reptiles, cobra; python; turtles; gecko was discovered principally. Whereas amongst mammals, mongoose; monkey; squirrel; fox, had been frequent. Additionally, two leopard cubs had been additionally added within the record.
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Punishments Legal guidelines for Wildlife Trafficking
In keeping with Wildlife (preservation and safety) Act 2012, a most punishment of 12 years and a minimal of two years imprisonment is ready for killing a mammal or amassing, preserving, transporting the meat, shopping for or promoting any of the animal product. Together with this a most wonderful of Tk15 lakh and a minimal of Tk1 lakh in several articles of the regulation is ready for a prison. Additionally, the offender could also be fined or jailed relying on totally different articles. One could also be fined or jailed or each as per totally different articles.
The Opinion of Wildlife Consultants and Stakeholders
WCCU Director (Division of Surroundings) Mihir Kumar believes that the wildlife commerce has diminished as a result of fast response of the authorities in cost. Kataban, the most important pet market in Dhaka, has nearly change into free from home chicken commerce. Nonetheless, for the locations together with Cholon Beel, Sunamganj Kishoregan and the Chittagong Hill Tracts it can’t be mentioned whether or not that wildlife trafficking has been diminished. Additionally, as there aren’t any models on the Hazrat Shahjalal Worldwide Airport and Benapole land port there are little possibilities of worldwide wildlife commerce instances. Continues efforts and dealing often on the ports can assist to carry a optimistic outcome.
Quite the opposite, Dr M Monirul H Khan, professor of zoology division (Jahangirnagar College) is of the opinion that it’s arduous to inform whether or not the wildlife trafficking is rising or declining by simply analysing the variety of offences. Purpose being, in some instances the origin of the species is outdoors the nation which implies a specific nation is getting used as a transit route of the world trafficking. For that matter, Bangladesh is neither excessive nor low when speaking concerning the trafficking zone. Concluding he mentioned, the regulation enforcement businesses ought to take motion in opposition to wildlife commerce and the WCCU should unfold out to be able to scale back the instances of wildlife trafficking to be able to defend and save the wildlife internationally.